Dangerously high amount of toxic particles in London air
A recent study by Transport for London has found that 95% are living within areas that contain dangerously high levels of a certain toxic particle named PM2.5. In central London, the average annual limits are nearly double the WHO limits. PM2.5 is widely acknowledged as being the air pollutant which has the highest impact on human health. Both short and long-term contact to PM2.5 increase the risk of mortality from respiratory and cardiovascular diseases as well as increased hospital admissions.
According to the study health. Both short and long-term exposure to PM2.5 increase the risk of mortality from respirator and cardiovascular diseases as well as increased hospital admissions. Children growing up exposed to PM2.5 are more likely to have reduced lung function and develop asthma. The Committee on the Medical Effects of Air Pollution (COMEAP) estimate exposure to PM2.5 attributes to 29,000 premature deaths in the UK every year.
London Mayor Sadiq Khan said: “It’s sickening to know that not a single area of London meets World Health Organisation health standards, but even worse than that, nearly 95% of the capital is exceeding these guidelines by at least 50%.”
The Government plans to introduce “Ultra Low Emission Zone’s” to tackle London's lethal air in April 2019. The most-polluting vehicles will have to pay a daily charge to enter central London from 8 April 2019 under bold proposals announced today by the Mayor of London to help combat the capital's toxic air crisis.
Sadiq Khan is proposing to expand this charge, the Ultra-Low Emission Zone (ULEZ), across Greater London for heavy diesel vehicles, including buses, coaches and lorries, in 2020, and up to the North and South Circular roads for cars and vans in 2021. He has more than doubled funding spent on tackling air quality to £875 million over the next five years.
Khan added: “We should be ashamed that our young people – the next generation of Londoners – are being exposed to these tiny particles of toxic dust that are seriously damaging their lungs and shortening their life expectancy. I understand this is really difficult for Londoners, but that’s why I felt it was so important that I made this information public so people really understand the scale of the challenge we face in London.”